The assessment of special needs of a student is done in two ways:
1. By the school
Usually, the class teacher or the Unit Head refers a child to the School Counselor, based on their observation in class, on parameters that have been given to them.
2. By parents
When parents identify special needs of their child, they can approach school for help, or they can take their child to a Psychologist of their choice and produce a report to school.
These parameters deal with both academic performance and behavioural aspects, some of which are listed below:
Difficulty in reading writing, spelling and comprehension
Poor performance in academic assessments over a full school year, and
Inability to manage school work, both in class and at home.
Short attentions span. Fidgety, restless and unable to sit through a class period.
Introverted, has difficulty forming relationships, emotional without reason, and
Aggressive, gets into fights for no apparent reason.